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Historical archeologists have an advantage when it comes to dating because of the written historical record.
When we study a site, we also study the documents associated with the site.
It was then sold to George Ham in 1791, who likely made some changes to the house, including raising the foundation and adding on a scullery to the kitchen.
The 1 story addition is visible on Sanborn Insurance maps from the 19th and 20th centuries (see the 1898 Sanborn Map, for example, with the Conant House colored in pink).
The history of the house is incomplete, but based on deed research, we know that the land was bought in 1697 by Captain John Hill, who built an early saltbox house on the lot.
John Hill sold the property to George Walton, a shopkeeper, in 1736.
Harrington completed his bachelor's degree in architectural engineering at the University of Michigan in 1924.
The University of Michigan's architectural engineering program required students to complete an internship or architecture-related research project.
After years of research through historical documentation and through precise data collection from well stratified and dated archaeological sites, archaeologists have developed typologies for several different categories of artifacts such as ceramics, pipe stems, bead, projectile points and more.To meet this requirement, Harrington spent the summer of 1923 with the School for American Research in Santa Fe, New Mexico, creating measured plan drawings of Spanish mission churches. Dates allow archeologists to connect a site/deposit to a specific time period, allowing us a better understanding of the past.Heritage- Andrew Jackson’s house- cotton plantation (1776-1845) 130 slaves, largest plantation in Tennessee, 7 president, slave cabins have been investigated- lived in single rooms made out of brick (some duplexes); located on 3 acres; fire places for heating and cooking, attic was a bedroom for children; lots of animal bones fur trading outpost in 1827, 1826-1847 used to house soldiers, Indians and settlers; La Salle and his French Colony, Ft. Louis: didn’t last long, murdered by one of his men, colony attacked except for a few children, Spanish buried the people and cannonsmost controversial; Freedman’s Cemetery in Dallas African Community Cemetery; only 300 death certificates out of 3,000 bodies; eternal data and external data; Little Bighorn Battlefield: human remains found and several burials, Sergeant Edward Botzer Latin for "limit after which," is used to indicate the date after which an artifact must have been deposited.For example, if an archaeological site contains coins dated 1588, 1595, and others dated 1590 - 1625, the historic artifacts change over time and changes can be measured in years via a mathematical formula; pipe stem dating; SC Harrington- earliest founders of Early American historical archaeology; Lewis Binford: Regression Formula was based on Harrington’s observations of pipe stemshistorical event maps (Gettysburg and Boston Tea Party), Directory maps (pre phone books-name, address, occupation) atlas map (showed individual structures, Sonborn Fire Maps), Bird’s eye view maps (works of art, fairly accurate, reliable source of information), Specialized Map (plantation plans, boundaries of parcel, show location of buildings), Utility maps (show where pipes and sewers were located; 1840) Century Maps (large scale maps) State Mandate Maps (states required counties to conduct surveys and must show everything) County Maps (large wall maps, 1850-1880, sold by subscription) Atlas Maps (property ownership placed by real estate maps, continued to be published to 20Historic archaeology- deal with archaeology of the recent past, deals with shorter periods of time, can study known people, can study peoples whose general histories are known but whose daily lives are not well documented.